Q&A’s published on the World Journal Weekly on April 23, 2023 – 1. RFE is Request for Further Evidence and NOID is Notice of Intent to Deny 2. An applicant for a B1/B2 visa must disclose past immigrant visa information

1. RFE is Request for Further Evidence and NOID is Notice of Intent to Deny

I filed an NIW application and kept checking the status, but nothing changed. Yesterday, the lawyer told me and I was very nervous and sad when I received the RFE. I have never seen an RFE before, so I would like to ask some questions: firstly, how to judge whether the received RFE is not a NOID, only the request for evidence is written at the end of the attached table? On March 1, the date on which the lawyer received the RFE was February 23, but the status I checked online remained unchanged and it was still case received. Won’t the status of the RFE be updated online? The RFE was very long and questioned all three prongs. I provided information for each point, but it was considered insufficient proof. Does this mean that the probability of passing is not high?

Some people say that if it is RFE instead of NOID, that means that there is an intention to pass it, but what is the situation like this when every point is questioned? Finally, I would like to ask prong3-it is beneficial not to use the labor certificate. How should I argue? If the first two prongs can be proved, then this is no problem? The first two prongs felt that they didn’t buy my recommendation letters very much, saying that they couldn’t prove the connection with other entities. I don’t have a patent for my articles, and the recommendation letters are mainly from the bosses of the company. Outsiders will not know my specific work. Excuse me, if you want to issue a relatively independent recommendation letter, you may find a company customer or a professor in a related industry. What are they going to write? Is it okay to write from a resume?

Mr. Lee answers,
For the benefit of the readers, a national interest waiver (NIW) requires that the petitioner show that there is substantial merit and national importance to the proposed endeavor; that the petitioner is well placed to advance the endeavor; and that it would be beneficial to the United States to waive the labor certification requirement. To your specific situation, USCIS labels RFE’s (Request for Further Evidence) and NOID’s (Notice of Intent to Deny). If your attorney informed you that he or she received an RFE, you can well believe it as he or she is looking at it. (The attorney should email or send you a copy). Generally speaking, the online status system should register the RFE, but the system is inconsistent and sometimes does not as a system is only as good as the persons inputting information into the system. It is always better to have at least one of the prongs decided in your favor when you receive an RFE, but being questioned on all three does not necessarily mean that you will be denied if there is a strong response. The question of the third prong – whether it would be beneficial to the country to waive the labor certification requirement – would likely be resolved in your favor if you are adjudged favorably on the first two points. Entrepreneurs and those who are extremely good in their fields with deep knowledge and experience are not readily amenable to the labor certification process, which demands that petitioning organizations only ask for minimally qualified people. Besides the impracticality of a labor certification application, USCIS looks to see the benefit to the US from the petitioner’s contributions even if other US workers are also available, and whether the national interest in the person’s contribution is sufficiently urgent. In looking at recommendation letters, USCIS is looking for objective observers who can talk about you, your endeavor, and how it may benefit the country. Letters from people who know you like colleagues, your managers, and company customers may not be seen as objective. A professor in a related industry who knows of your work may be more persuasive. USCIS is also looking for original letters, not letters written from a resume. Letters that look like they are written by the same person are not well accepted. The best letters are thoughtful ones written by individuals talking extensively about your endeavor, how well-positioned you are to advance the endeavor, and if possible, explain how granting the waiver may outweigh the benefits of making you go through the labor certification requirements.

2. An applicant for a B1/B2 visa must disclose past immigrant visa information

I’m in China and I’m going to America. I would like to know, if I submit a US green card application, can I still apply for a B1/2 visa? For example, if I apply for a business trip, tourism, or meeting in the United States, what proof do I need to provide?

Mr. Lee answers,
An applicant for a B1/B2 visa is required to disclose in the DS-160 nonimmigrant visa application form whether he or she has applied for an immigrant visa or had an immigrant visa petition filed on his or her behalf. Upon such disclosure, the decision of whether to issue the visa will be in the discretion of the American consular officer. You should prepare such materials as proof of the purpose of your trip, ties and bonds with the home country such as ownership of real property, other assets, bank accounts, employment or schooling, etc. I note that it has been our experience that many consular officers take less notice of immigrant visa petitions where there is still a considerable time to elapse before the priority date becomes current.